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Delinquency age boundaries

  • N/S = No age specified
  • N/A = Not available
  • F/T = Full term
  • Click bold ages to view details for specific years.
Policy 1997 1999 2002 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Upper age 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17
Lower age N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S
Extended age N/A 24 N/A 24 N/A 24 N/A 24 24 24 24 24 24

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Transfer discretion

  • Has statute
  • Does not have statute
Policy 1960 1989 1997 2014 2015 2016
Juvenile court judge
Prosecutor
Legislature

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Data for 1960 indicates general pre-1970 data. Feld B. 1987. The Juvenile Court Meets the Principle of the Offense: Legislative Changes to Juvenile Waiver Statutes, Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 78(3): 471-533.

Transfer provisions

  • Has statute
  • Does not have statute

Click icons to view statute details for specific years.

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Progressive data

The California Department of Justice’s Juvenile Justice in California annual report series is notable for several reasons.  It is among five states that report transfer data by provision type (see Transfer trends topic, above), and one of four states that reports adult criminal court outcomes. Outcomes are unusually detailed in that demographics such as age, race, and gender of adult court convictions and sentences are available.

Adult court conviction rates by type of sentence

In 2015, of the 366 convictions received:

  • 59.6% (218) were sentenced to adult prison or the Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ).
  • 3% (11) received probation.
  • 31.1% (114) received probation with jail.
  • 3.8% (14) received jail.
  • 2.5% (9) received another sentence.

Excerpt from Juvenile Justice in California, 2015, p. 52.

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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