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Defense structure, 2017

  • Organization


  • Oversight

    Partial oversight

North Carolina provides counsel to indigent youth through a county-operated, state-funded system overseen by the Office of Indigent Defense Services (IDS).  Visit the National Juvenile Defender Center's North Carolina state profile for more details.

Waiver of counsel, 2014

The court must find that the juvenile knowingly, willingly, and understandingly waived his or her rights.

  • Restrictions on waivers
  • No restrictions
  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.
  • Age

    No restrictions

  • Crime

    No restrictions

  • Hearing

    No restrictions

  • Placement

    No restrictions

Timing of counsel, 2013

In North Carolina, an attorney for a juvenile can be appointed at the following points in the process: Custodial Questioning / Talk with Intake Officer; Detention Hearing / First Court Appearance / Arraignment; Once a Petition is Filed / Hearing on the Petition; All Stages of Proceedings / All Critical States of Proceedings.

  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.

Indigency requirements, 2013

Indigency determination: Legislatively

In North Carolina, juvenile indigency law is governed by juvenile statutes and adult rules of court, which provide for a a determination of indigency. Applies to transfer proceedings. By statute, special juvenile law education / training / experience/ program for appointed juvenile counsel. Juveniles are legislatively presumed indigent. Specialized juvenile training available or required.

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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