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Defense structure, 2017

  • Organization

    Localized

  • Oversight

    Full oversight

North Dakota provides counsel to indigent youth through a state-funded system overseen by the Commission on Legal Counsel for Indigents (CLCI). Visit the National Juvenile Defender Center's North Dakota state profile for more details.

Waiver of counsel, 2014

The right to counsel cannot be waived by a juvenile who is not represented by his or her parent, guardian, or custodian. A juvenile who is represented by his or her parent, guardian, or custodian may waive counsel if the waiver is knowingly, intelligently, and voluntarily made.

  • Restrictions on waivers
  • No restrictions
  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.
  • Age

    No restrictions

  • Crime

    No restrictions

  • Hearing

    No restrictions

  • Placement

    No restrictions

Timing of counsel, 2013

In North Dakota, an attorney for a juvenile can be appointed at the following points in the process: Detention Hearing / First Court Appearance / Arraignment; Once a Petition is Filed / Hearing on the Petition.

  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.

Indigency requirements, 2013

Indigency determination: Judicially

Indigency is judicially determined. Court can / must appoint attorney for juvenile if there is a conflict of interest between the juvenile and the parent.

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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