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Basic services, 2014

  • Overall

    State operated

  • Detention

    State operated

  • Probation

    State operated

  • Reentry

    State operated

Delinquency services in Alaska are centralized. The Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ), under the Department of Health and Social Services (DHHS) administers detention, probation, aftercare, and juvenile corrections.

Juvenile probation officers from the Division of Juvenile Justice carry caseloads of pre-adjudicated and adjudicated juvenile offenders. Pre-adjudicated offenders are most often diverted from the formal juvenile justice system. Adjudicated offenders are supervised by juvenile probation officers whether placed in or out-of-home for the duration of the court’s order. 

Corrections agency, 2015

  • Independent juvenile corrections agency

  • Family/child welfare agency or division

  • Broad human services agency

  • Adult corrections agency or division

The Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ), under the Department of Health and Social Services (DHHS), administers commitments to state juvenile correctional facilities and aftercare services for youth leaving those facilities.

Solitary confinement, 2016

  • Prohibits punitive confinement

  • Limits punitive confinement

  • No limits on punitive confinement

  • Did not respond

Solitary confinement for punitive purposes is not allowed in Alaska's juvenile correction facilities. Non-punitive confinement is allowable for up to five 24-hour periods to ensure the safety of the juvenile, others, or security of facility.  (Adapted from 51 Jurisdiction Survey of Juvenile Solitary Confinement Rules in Juvenile Justice Systems, 2016. Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest at Lowenstein Sandler LLP)

Release decision, 2016

  • Agency

  • Court

  • Parole board

  • Agency and court

Release decisions for youth committed to the Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) are the responsibility of the Division, with review by the committing courts. A review board in the correctional facility makes the final decision with recommendations from the juvenile institution and juvenile probation. The board reviews cases every six months.

Risk assessment, 2017

Organization 2013 2017
Statewide uniform assessment
Layered/regional assessment
Locally administered assessment

In Alaska, the Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ), under the Department of Health and Social Services, administers probation. The DJJ encourages the statewide use of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) through regulation and probation officer training. Information from the YLS/CMI is used to develop probation disposition recommendations to the juvenile court, assign probation supervision level, and develop probation case plans. Alaska aggregates YLS/CMI data and uses it to support local reliability and validity testing, to assist in probation administration and organizational planning, and for ongoing policy research.

Risk instruments, 2017

  • Statute or agency policy

    Required by state or administrative regulation

  • Agency recommended

    Recommended by probation oversite agency

Risk instruments tool used
Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI)

Mental health screening, 2014

Requires a research-based mental health screening

  • Secure detention

  • Probation

  • Corrections

Mental health screening tool used
Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument –Version 2 (MAYSI-2)

Alaska requires the use of a research based mental health screening tool in detention. The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument, 2nd Edition (MAYSI-2) is required by an Alaska Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) administrative policy for all detention admissions within 48 hours.

Juvenile probation and corrections use an in-house developed mental health/suicide screening instrument for youth at admission, however these screenings are not required by policy.

Frameworks for evidence-based practices, 2014

  • Statute

    Supporting commitment to EBPs

  • Administrative regulations

    Either in corrections, probation, or the juvenile court

  • Support center

    Or collaboration dedicated to coordinating activities around implementing, evaluating, and sustaining EBPs

  • No stance

    No official stance on EBPs

  • Did not respond

    State did not respond to the survey

Recidivism reporting, 2016

Study populations

The group(s) of youth being studied in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Re-offense events

Events that are used to measure recidivism in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Follow-up periods

Details regarding the length of time and frequency that youth are tracked in states that publicly report recidivism data.

24 months with adult systems reporting

Details

Additional levels of analysis provided in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • County

  • Age

  • Gender

  • Race/ethn.

  • Risk level

  • Initial offense

  • Re-offense

  • Prior history

The Alaska Office of Management and Budget reports recidivism rates for youth released from the Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) probation. In this analysis, recidivism is defined as an adjudication or conviction that occurs within 24 months of release from probation supervision.

Data sources

FFY2010-FFY2015 Recidivism Rate for Juveniles Released from Division of Juvenile Justice Probation
Office of Management and Budget

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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