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Basic services, 2017

  • Overall

    Locally operated

  • Detention

    Locally operated

  • Probation

    Locally operated

  • Reentry

    State operated

Indiana's delinquency services are organized at both the state and local level. The majority of secure detention in Indiana is administered judicially at the county level; however, some detention facilities are administered by the state, by local law enforcement, or by private contractors.

Community supervision is administered by local judiciary agencies within circuit courts. Probation Officers in Indiana are local juvenile court employees.

The Division of Youth Services (DYS), within The Indiana Department of Corrections (DOC), a state executive department of corrections agency, administers commitments to state public facilities and parole services for those youth leaving state facilities.

Corrections agency, 2015

  • Independent juvenile corrections agency

  • Family/child welfare agency or division

  • Broad human services agency

  • Adult corrections agency or division

The Division of Youth Services (DYS), within The Indiana Department of Corrections (DOC), administers commitments to state juvenile correctional facilities and parole services for those youth leaving state facilities.

Solitary confinement, 2016

  • Prohibits punitive confinement

  • Limits punitive confinement

  • No limits on punitive confinement

  • Did not respond

Solitary confinement for punitive purposes is allowed in Indiana's juvenile correctional facilities. Segregation for major rule violations is allowable for 3 days per offense and extended to 5 days if an additional violation is committed while in segregation. A hearing is required for confinement over 24 hours.  (Adapted from 51 Jurisdiction Survey of Juvenile Solitary Confinement Rules in Juvenile Justice Systems, 2016. Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest at Lowenstein Sandler LLP)

Release decision, 2016

  • Agency

  • Court

  • Parole board

  • Agency and court

Youth receiving indeterminate commitments to the Department of Correction's (DOC) juvenile facilities are released by the agency. Release dates are determined by the youth's movement through the case management system. The Indiana Youth Assessment System (IYAS) Re-entry tool is administered before a youth is released to determine aftercare services.

Risk assessment, 2017

Organization 2013 2017
Statewide uniform assessment
Layered/regional assessment
Locally administered assessment

In Indiana, juvenile probation is administered across local judicial circuits. Judicial administrative policy requires the use of a risk/needs assessment in juvenile probation. Indiana uses the Indiana Youth Assessment System (IYAS) statewide.

Information from the IYAS is used to guide diversion from formal process decisions and informal adjustment planning, develop/inform pre-disposition investigation reports and/or planning, develop probation disposition recommendations to the juvenile court, assign probation supervision level, and develop probation case plans. The state is also able to aggregate case level data and uses it to support local reliability and validity testing of the IYAS.

Risk instruments, 2017

  • Statute or agency policy

    Required by state or administrative regulation

  • Agency recommended

    Recommended by probation oversite agency

Risk instruments tool used
Indiana Youth Assessment System

Mental health screening, 2014

Does not require a research-based mental health screening

  • Secure detention

  • Probation

  • Corrections

Mental health screening tool used
Screening not required

The Indiana Juvenile Mental Health Screening, Assessment, and Treatment Project (Project) is aimed at early assessment of mental health issues facing children who enter juvenile detention. It is already helping children access needed services.16 of the 22 detention centers use the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument, 2nd Edition (MAYSI-2) as part of this project. Detention centers participate voluntarily.

Detention standards have been re-written to include the requirement of using the MAYSI-2 in all detention centers statewide, but those have yet to be approved. This is expected to go statewide in 2015 if the standards are approved. There is also work around aggregating the data statewide once it is implemented. The project is funded by title 2 and state agency funds.

Frameworks for evidence-based practices, 2014

  • Statute

    Supporting commitment to EBPs

  • Administrative regulations

    Either in corrections, probation, or the juvenile court

  • Support center

    Or collaboration dedicated to coordinating activities around implementing, evaluating, and sustaining EBPs

  • No stance

    No official stance on EBPs

  • Did not respond

    State did not respond to the survey

Indiana does not have a resource center or collaborative focusing on evidence based practices, however, the IDOC does actively seek evidence based practices for use in secure facilities and has selected "Why Try", an evidence based intervention to be implemented in all facilities. No official state position on the use of evidence based practices.

Recidivism reporting, 2016

Study populations

The group(s) of youth being studied in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Re-offense events

Events that are used to measure recidivism in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Follow-up periods

Details regarding the length of time and frequency that youth are tracked in states that publicly report recidivism data.

36 months with interval and adult systems reporting

Details

Additional levels of analysis provided in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • County

  • Age

  • Gender

  • Race/ethn.

  • Risk level

  • Initial offense

  • Re-offense

  • Prior history

The Indiana Department of Corrections (IDOC) publishes recidivism rates for youth exiting state corrections. The IDOC defines recidivism as a return to incarceration within 36 months of the offender's date of release from a state correctional institution. Recidivism rates are reported at 12  month intervals with a maximum follow up period of 36 months.

Data sources

Juvenile Recidivism Rates 2014
Indiana Department of Corrections, Division of Youth Services

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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