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Basic services, 2017

  • Overall

    Locally operated

  • Detention

    Locally operated

  • Probation

    Locally operated

  • Reentry

    State operated

Michigan's delinquency services are organized at the both the state and local level. Secure detention in Michigan is administered three ways: the majority of facilities are administered locally at the county level by either regional boards, or circuit courts, and a limited number are administered by the Michigan Department of Human Services (DHS). 

Community supervision is administered either by DHS or local juvenile courts.

The Bureau of Juvenile Justice, an independent juvenile justice agency, within DHS administers commitments to state facilities, as well as, reentry services for those youth leaving state facilities.

Corrections agency, 2015

  • Independent juvenile corrections agency

  • Family/child welfare agency or division

  • Broad human services agency

  • Adult corrections agency or division

The Michigan Bureau of Juvenile Justice, within the Michigan Department of Human Services (DHS), administers commitments to state juvenile correctional facilities, as well as, reentry services for those youth leaving state facilities.

Solitary confinement, 2016

  • Prohibits punitive confinement

  • Limits punitive confinement

  • No limits on punitive confinement

  • Did not respond

Solitary confinement for punitive purposes is allowed in Michigan's juvenile correctional facilities. State operated facilities allow confinement up to 3 days for serious misconduct. Court-operated facilities require written approval from chief administrator for confinement over 3 days.  (Adapted from 51 Jurisdiction Survey of Juvenile Solitary Confinement Rules in Juvenile Justice Systems, 2016. Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest at Lowenstein Sandler LLP)

Release decision, 2016

  • Agency

  • Court

  • Parole board

  • Agency and court

Release decisions for youth committed to the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services' Bureau of Juvenile Justice is the responsibility of the committing courts. However, the state, county, or private agency may petition the court to review the case for release. The Michigan Juvenile Justice Assessment System Reentry Tool is used to support release recommendations.

Risk assessment, 2017

Organization 2013 2017
Statewide uniform assessment
Layered/regional assessment
Locally administered assessment

In Michigan, juvenile probation is administered by either the Michigan Department of Human Services or local juvenile courts. Because there is no centralized authority over juvenile justice, risk/needs assessment is a highly variable and localized process. A broad range of risk/need assessments are used in Michigan. Each county applies risk/needs assessments independently, without state-wide coordination. Risk/needs assessment is a purely a local function.

Risk instruments, 2017

  • Statute or agency policy

    Required by state or administrative regulation

  • Agency recommended

    Recommended by probation oversite agency

Risk instruments tool used
No statewide tool in use

Mental health screening, 2014

Requires a research-based mental health screening

  • Secure detention

  • Probation

  • Corrections

Mental health screening tool used
Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument –Version 2 (MAYSI-2)

Michigan encourages the use of research-based mental health screening for juveniles. Youth placed state operated residential facilities are screened using the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument, 2nd Edition (MAYSI-2).

Private facilities licensed by the State are required to implement the Child Adolescent Needs and Strengths (CANS) and may choose from a list of other mental health screening instruments. Otherwise, each county in the State of Michigan decides on what, if any, mental health screening is used. Michigan’s Family Drug and Mental Health Courts provide ancillary services (parent education, employment raining, and life skills) to support the success of treatment o the adult and the juveniles of the family.

Collaborations such as those that have been established with community mental health agencies will be continued in 2012, with the funding of Bay County, Juvenile Drug and Mental Health Court, and Genesee County Family Treatment Court, to create a problem-solving court that focuses on mental health entirely. Research regarding other juvenile mental health courts around the country is expected.

The Michigan Department of Human Services has a policy that all youth are screened for risk of suicide behavior at intake into residential facilities and continuously monitored for suicide risk on an ongoing basis. The policy sets the minimum standard for all residential facilities to ensure the safety of youths.

Each facility has different mental health resources. Local procedures provide for immediate referral of a suicidal youth to a community mental health provider. All staff who routinely work with youths are trained in the identification and management of suicidal youth.

Frameworks for evidence-based practices, 2014

  • Statute

    Supporting commitment to EBPs

  • Administrative regulations

    Either in corrections, probation, or the juvenile court

  • Support center

    Or collaboration dedicated to coordinating activities around implementing, evaluating, and sustaining EBPs

  • No stance

    No official stance on EBPs

  • Did not respond

    State did not respond to the survey

Michigan does not actively support or encourage the proliferation of evidence-based programs and practices (EBPs) in juvenile justice. However, in recent years, the state has increased scrutiny on how public tax dollars are spent, moving to performance measurement, evidence-based treatment, and demonstrating accountability. For example, the Michigan Committee on Juvenile Justice emphasized the need for advancements in technology for accurate, complete and centralized data collection and sharing, objective evaluation of grants, specialized technical assistance for evidenced-based programming, expansion JJOLT to include grants management and tracking system, and legislative reform to advance proliferation of EBP’s in juvenile justice.

In addition, the Michigan Department of Human Services (DHS) juvenile justice vision statement includes strong language committing the Michigan juvenile justice system to building a safer Michigan communities and assisting youth to become healthy and productive citizens through proactive delinquency prevention, efficient law enforcement, effective rehabilitative treatment, statewide data collection and data sharing and comprehensive community reintegration and support services. Included among the core values supporting this vision are evidence-based delinquency assessment protocols and treatment strategies.

Further, Michigan DHS is committed to supporting and assisting communities in the development of innovative programming that includes the principles of evidence based and outcome driven practices; continuous quality improvement (CQI), data collection and analysis; and evidence-based principles supported by outcome driven funding through the child care fund.

Recidivism reporting, 2016

Does not publish recidivism consistently over time.

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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