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Basic services, 2017

  • Overall

    Locally operated

  • Detention

    Locally operated

  • Probation

    Locally operated

  • Reentry

    Mostly state operated

Minnesota's delinquency services are organized at the both the state and local level. Secure detention is administered in a variety ways: at the local level by a county commission/ board, county executive/ manager, sheriff or police chief, or private contractor. Detention is also administered in some areas at the state level by Minnesota Department of Corrections (MDOC).

Community supervision in Minnesota is administered in one of three ways: 1) Community Corrections Act (CCA) (17 jurisdictions, representing 32 counties), 2) County Probation Officers (CPO) (28 counties), and 3) MDOC (55 counties).

The MDOC also administers commitments to state public facilities as well as reentry services for youth leaving those facilities.

Corrections agency, 2015

  • Independent juvenile corrections agency

  • Family/child welfare agency or division

  • Broad human services agency

  • Adult corrections agency or division

The Minnesota Department of Corrections (MDOC) administers commitments to state juvenile correctional facilities as well as reentry services for youth leaving those facilities.

Solitary confinement, 2016

  • Prohibits punitive confinement

  • Limits punitive confinement

  • No limits on punitive confinement

  • Did not respond

Solitary confinement for punitive purposes is allowed in Minnesota's juvenile correctional facility (Red Wing). Disciplinary Room Time is allowed up to 5 days for major rule infractions. A due process hearing is held within 24 hours and status is reviewed by an administrator at least every 8 hours after hearing.  (Adapted from 51 Jurisdiction Survey of Juvenile Solitary Confinement Rules in Juvenile Justice Systems, 2016. Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest at Lowenstein Sandler LLP)

Release decision, 2016

  • Agency

  • Court

  • Parole board

  • Agency and court

Releases for youth committed to the Minnesota Department of Corrections (MDOC) are made by the agency based on the facility's determination that the youth has successfully completed the case plan. The Community Services Division, Policy and Legal Services Unit, Hearings and Release Unit of the Minnesota Department of Corrections (DOC) grants and revokes parole and supervised release. The Youth Level Service Inventory (YLSI) is used upon intake and a final is done prior to release. Since the juvenile court relinquishes jurisdiction to DOC upon committing a juvenile to the state, there are no court review requirements. The exception is for Extended Jurisdiction Juveniles, whose adult sanction may be pronounced if they do not satisfy their juvenile sanction.

Risk assessment, 2017

Organization 2013 2017
Statewide uniform assessment
Layered/regional assessment
Locally administered assessment

Juvenile probation in Minnesota is administered in one of three ways, depending on jurisdiction. Probation is administered either locally through juvenile courts, by the Minnesota Department of Corrections (MDOC), or by the Community Corrections Act (CCA). Each of the three delivery systems has administrative policies that require the use of a risk/needs assessment.

Minnesota has adopted the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) statewide. The results are used to develop/inform pre-disposition investigation reports and/or planning, develop probation disposition recommendations to the juvenile court, assign probation supervision level, and develop probation case plans.

The state is able to aggregate case level data and uses it to assist with probation administration and organizational planning.

Risk instruments, 2017

  • Statute or agency policy

    Required by state or administrative regulation

  • Agency recommended

    Recommended by probation oversite agency

Risk instruments tool used
Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI)

Mental health screening, 2014

Requires a research-based mental health screening

  • Secure detention

  • Probation

  • Corrections

Mental health screening tool used
Screening required but tools vary

Mental health screenings for juveniles is required by Minnesota statute in all DOC licensed secure facilities (detention and corrections) whenever a youth is detained in a state licensed detention facility, when they are found to be delinquent, or when a petty offender (non-delinquent) has committed their 3rd or subsequent petty offense. The approved tools for mental health screening are the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument, 2nd Edition (MAYSI-2) or the POSIT.

Frameworks for evidence-based practices, 2014

  • Statute

    Supporting commitment to EBPs

  • Administrative regulations

    Either in corrections, probation, or the juvenile court

  • Support center

    Or collaboration dedicated to coordinating activities around implementing, evaluating, and sustaining EBPs

  • No stance

    No official stance on EBPs

  • Did not respond

    State did not respond to the survey

Minnesota does not apply a specific definition of evidence-based programs and practices in juvenile justice. However, consensus is developed in this regard through a long-standing Evidence-based Policy team.

Minnesota has a partially decentralized format for both adult and juvenile probation through its community corrections act. The EBP Policy Team bridges helps to bring oversight for advancing both adult and juvenile justice. The EBP Policy Team membership is at the agency director-level and provides statewide policy oversight for evidence based practices. The Committee meets every other month and has two subcommittees that meet quarterly. One is for manager-level agency representatives and one for practitioner-level stakeholders.

An evidence based coordinator is employed by the Minnesota Department of Corrections to help facilitate the activities of the EBP Policy Team and its subcommittees. Members of the EBP Policy Committee also serve on the state advisory group for juvenile justice, helping to link their leadership and training activities.

The DOC research bureau is nationally recognized for it's program evaluation activities and is a resource for ongoing evaluation, but current activities have been focused in adult programming. EBP outcome data is typically county contract specific and for the most part EBP prevention and intervention services are locally funded. Thus the availability of outcome data varies by county and contracted service. With the exception of evidence based risk assessment, there is not a state-wide outcome data collection. However, the EBP coordinator in Hennepin County is developing a inventory of EBP programming in a juvenile corrections checklist that is also being considered for expansion by the larger state committee. Three counties in the twin cities metro area, Hennepin, St. Paul and Dakota counties all of locally based EBP coordinators.

Recidivism reporting, 2016

Does not publish recidivism consistently over time.

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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