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Basic services, 2017

  • Overall

    Mostly state operated

  • Detention

    Locally operated

  • Probation

    Mostly state operated

  • Reentry

    State operated

In Missouri, juvenile detention and delinquency services are organized at both the state and local level. Juvenile detention is primarily administered by local judicial agencies in regional districts. 

Deputy Juvenile Officers supervise youth on probation. In most counties, Deputy Juvenile Officers are employees of the State Judicial Branch, but in 10 counties they are county employees.

The Department of Youth Services (DYS), a state executive social services agency, administers commitment to state facilities and juvenile reentry services.

Corrections agency, 2015

  • Independent juvenile corrections agency

  • Family/child welfare agency or division

  • Broad human services agency

  • Adult corrections agency or division

The Missouri Department of Youth Services (DYS) administers commitments to state juvenile correctional facilities and juvenile reentry services for youth leaving those facilities.

Solitary confinement, 2016

  • Prohibits punitive confinement

  • Limits punitive confinement

  • No limits on punitive confinement

  • Did not respond

Solitary confinement for punitive purposes is allowed in Missouri's juvenile correctional facilities, but it is not used in practice. Usually, room confinement is used for a cooling off period of 1-2 hours.  (Adapted from 51 Jurisdiction Survey of Juvenile Solitary Confinement Rules in Juvenile Justice Systems, 2016. Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest at Lowenstein Sandler LLP)

Release decision, 2016

  • Agency

  • Court

  • Parole board

  • Agency and court

Release decisions for youth committed to the Missouri Department of Youth Services are the responsibility of the Department or the committing courts, depending on the sentence. Youth receiving determinate commitments have release dates set by the court at disposition. For youth receiving indeterminate sentences, the Department makes release decisions. The Department must notify the committing court of the impending release. The court can formally object but the Department has final approval.

Risk assessment, 2017

Organization 2013 2017
Statewide uniform assessment
Layered/regional assessment
Locally administered assessment

In Missouri, the use of a risk/needs assessment in juvenile probation is required by statute. Missouri uses the Missouri Juvenile Offender Risk/Needs Assessment and Classification System. State standards direct the use of this risk/needs assessment and require training and certification for new juvenile officers.

Information from the Missouri Juvenile Offender Risk/Needs Assessment and Classification System is used to develop/inform pre-disposition investigation reports and/or planning, develop probation disposition recommendations to the juvenile court, and assign probation supervision level.

The state is able to aggregate case level data and uses it to support local reliability and validity testing of the Missouri Juvenile Offender Risk/Needs Assessment and Classification System, to provide local courts with characteristic of their offending population, and for ongoing policy research.

Risk instruments, 2017

  • Statute or agency policy

    Required by state or administrative regulation

  • Agency recommended

    Recommended by probation oversite agency

Risk instruments tool used
Missouri Juvenile Offender Risk Needs Assessment

Mental health screening, 2014

Did not respond to survey.

Frameworks for evidence-based practices, 2014

  • Statute

    Supporting commitment to EBPs

  • Administrative regulations

    Either in corrections, probation, or the juvenile court

  • Support center

    Or collaboration dedicated to coordinating activities around implementing, evaluating, and sustaining EBPs

  • No stance

    No official stance on EBPs

  • Did not respond

    State did not respond to the survey

Recidivism reporting, 2016

Study populations

The group(s) of youth being studied in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Re-offense events

Events that are used to measure recidivism in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Follow-up periods

Details regarding the length of time and frequency that youth are tracked in states that publicly report recidivism data.

12 months with adult systems reporting


Additional levels of analysis provided in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • County

  • Age

  • Gender

  • Race/ethn.

  • Risk level

  • Initial offense

  • Re-offense

  • Prior history

Data sources

Missouri Juvenile & Family Division Annual Report (CY2014)
Supreme Court of Missouri Office of State Courts Administrator (OSCA)

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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