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Basic services, 2017

  • Overall

    Mostly state operated

  • Detention

    Locally operated

  • Probation

    State operated

  • Reentry

    State operated

In New Jersey, the state operates the majority of delinquency services. Detention centers are administered by county boards, commissions, county executives/managers, and local sheriffs/police chiefs. 

Juvenile probation is administered by probation officers assigned to the Administrative Office of the Courts, Superior Court Probation Services Division. 

The Department of Law & Public Safety, Juvenile Justice Commission administers state commitments to juvenile facilities and juvenile reentry services are provided by the Juvenile Justice Commission’s Office of Juvenile Parole and Transitional Services.

Corrections agency, 2015

  • Independent juvenile corrections agency

  • Family/child welfare agency or division

  • Broad human services agency

  • Adult corrections agency or division

The New Jersey Department of Law & Public Safety, Juvenile Justice Commission administers state commitments to juvenile correctional facilities. Juvenile reentry services are provided by the Juvenile Justice Commission's Office of Juvenile Parole and Transitional Services.

Solitary confinement, 2016

  • Prohibits punitive confinement

  • Limits punitive confinement

  • No limits on punitive confinement

  • Did not respond

Solitary confinement for punitive purposes is not allowed in New Jersey's juvenile correctional facilities. Confinement may be imposed for the safety of others or the security of facility and should only be imposed for the minimum time needed to address safety risk. Maximum time limits vary by the age of the juvenile. Data collection and publication requirements are in place as well.  (Adapted from 51 Jurisdiction Survey of Juvenile Solitary Confinement Rules in Juvenile Justice Systems, 2016. Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest at Lowenstein Sandler LLP)

Release decision, 2016

  • Agency

  • Court

  • Parole board

  • Agency and court

The NJ State Parole Board – Juvenile Unit is responsible for pre-release screening and subsequent release of all juvenile offenders committed to the Juvenile Justice Commission. However, where the Office intends to release a juvenile before one-third of the prescribed term of incarceration has been served, it must seek approval from the sentencing court, which has 30 days within which it may block the proposed release. In addition, the court may order an early release on its own. in any case in which a juvenile has been ordered incarcerated, the sentencing court retains jurisdiction for the duration of the incarceration, and may at any time substitute an alternate disposition not involving incarceration. Currently, there is not a risk/needs instrument used to make release decisions for committed juveniles.

Risk assessment, 2017

Organization 2013 2017
Statewide uniform assessment
Layered/regional assessment
Locally administered assessment

In New Jersey, juvenile probation services are administered by the Superior Court Probation Services Division of the Administrative Office of the Courts. Probation officers informally screen for needs as necessary, but there is no risk/needs assessment used consistently across the state.

Risk instruments, 2017

  • Statute or agency policy

    Required by state or administrative regulation

  • Agency recommended

    Recommended by probation oversite agency

Risk instruments tool used
No statewide tool in use

Mental health screening, 2014

Does not require a research-based mental health screening

  • Secure detention

  • Probation

  • Corrections

Mental health screening tool used
Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument –Version 2 (MAYSI-2)

Frameworks for evidence-based practices, 2014

  • Statute

    Supporting commitment to EBPs

  • Administrative regulations

    Either in corrections, probation, or the juvenile court

  • Support center

    Or collaboration dedicated to coordinating activities around implementing, evaluating, and sustaining EBPs

  • No stance

    No official stance on EBPs

  • Did not respond

    State did not respond to the survey

Recidivism reporting, 2016

Study populations

The group(s) of youth being studied in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Re-offense events

Events that are used to measure recidivism in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Follow-up periods

Details regarding the length of time and frequency that youth are tracked in states that publicly report recidivism data.

36 months with interval and adult systems reporting


Additional levels of analysis provided in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • County

  • Age

  • Gender

  • Race/ethn.

  • Risk level

  • Initial offense

  • Re-offense

  • Prior history

The New Jersey Juvenile Justice Commission (JJC) publishes recidivism data for youth released from JJC custody. Recidivism is measured and reported separately by re-arrest, re-adjudication/conviction, and re-incarceration. Recidivism rates are presented at 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 month intervals with a maximum follow up period of 36 months.

Data sources

Release Outcome 2010: A Three-Year Follow-up
Department of Corrections State Parole Board, Juvenile Justice Commission

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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