States vary in how each sets the basic playing field for juvenile justice with lower and upper age boundaries. State legislatures further create a range of complex exceptions for transfer to criminal court based on case-by-case, age and offense specifics.
State juvenile justice profiles highlight the topical content of the JJGPS across its six main menu content areas and dozens of underlying juvenile justice reform topics. Each profile begins with the most recent state trend data on juvenile arrests and custody issues from national data collections followed by a checklist of highlights for comparing and contrasting juvenile justice policy.
Alaska is a mandatory P.L. 280 state except the Metlakatla Indian Community of the Annette Island Reserve, which is not subject to state criminal jurisdiction. Metlakatla, Barrow and Chevak have exclusive tribal jurisdiction over child welfare matters, which could apply. Indian country has been reduced by case law. See AK Legal Services Corporation’s Tribal Jurisdiction in Alaska.
N/A: Insufficient data to compute arrest rates
* Rates used to compute ratio based on fewer than 10 observations
Tracks RRIs 2005–2013
Geography: Statewide and other
Points of contact
Stages during the juvenile justice process tracked for relative rate indicators (RRIs).
All minorities (as a group)
Black / African American
American Indian / Alaska Native
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander
Other / Mixed
The Alaska Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) publishes data on Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC). Alaska reports Relative Rate Indices (RRI) at all 9 recommended decision points for 6 populations. DJJ has reported DMC data annually beginning in 2005. Rates are reported for local jurisdictions (for Anchorage and Fairbanks) and statewide. It is unclear if race and ethnicity are reported as separate variables.
Author: Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Juvenile Justice
DMC assessment Geography: Local
The Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Juvenile Justice completed an assessment in 2006 for two local jurisdictions. Data was assessed from 2002 to 2003 for African American, Asian, and American Indian/Alaska Native youth for referrals. Research methods included multivariate analysis and descriptive statistics.
Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.