States vary in how each sets the basic playing field for juvenile justice with lower and upper age boundaries. State legislatures further create a range of complex exceptions for transfer to criminal court based on case-by-case, age and offense specifics.
State juvenile justice profiles highlight the topical content of the JJGPS across its six main menu content areas and dozens of underlying juvenile justice reform topics. Each profile begins with the most recent state trend data on juvenile arrests and custody issues from national data collections followed by a checklist of highlights for comparing and contrasting juvenile justice policy.
Michigan is not a P.L. 280 state and no other statute was located that grants state jurisdiction over tribal matters. The Pokagon Band has exclusive ICWA jurisdiction, which may apply. MI recognizes tribes that are not federally recognized. See MI Agency of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
N/A: Insufficient data to compute arrest rates
* Rates used to compute ratio based on fewer than 10 observations
Author: Michigan Committee on Juvenile Justice
Tracks RRIs 2008–2014
Geography: Statewide and county
Points of contact
Stages during the juvenile justice process tracked for relative rate indicators (RRIs).
All minorities (as a group)
Black / African American
American Indian / Alaska Native
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander
Other / Mixed
The Michigan Committee on Juvenile Justice publishes data on Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC). Michigan reports Relative Rate Indices (RRI) for all 9 recommended decision points and 7 populations. Rates are reported for each county and statewide. It is specified in the report that race and ethnicity are reported as separate variables.
May provide an assessment to the federal juvenile justice agency, but not publicly available.
The Michigan Committee on Juvenile Justice (State Advisory Group) supports an Interactive Data feature on its website for exploring Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) Relative Rate Index (RRI) measures across the nine federally required decision points and for individual race and ethnicity categories. Policy Policy Associates developed the application with the ability to select other indicators such as counts, rates, county rate comparisons, gender and age. Some counties do not provide DMC-RRI data, or provide partial data, and are noted in the online tool. The Michigan Committee on Juvenile Justice also supports a web page for downloading underlying DMC data in an Excel format.
Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.