States vary in how each sets the basic playing field for juvenile justice with lower and upper age boundaries. State legislatures further create a range of complex exceptions for transfer to criminal court based on case-by-case, age and offense specifics.
State juvenile justice profiles highlight the topical content of the JJGPS across its six main menu content areas and dozens of underlying juvenile justice reform topics. Each profile begins with the most recent state trend data on juvenile arrests and custody issues from national data collections followed by a checklist of highlights for comparing and contrasting juvenile justice policy.
Oklahoma is not a P.L. 280 state, though state statute permits cooperative agreements that may apply to delinquency practice via the Indian Child Welfare Act or 23 USC 476 Allotment Act (which doesn’t apply to 'former Indian territory'). See OK ST Title 74 Chapters 35A and 35B, §1221, and OK Joint Committee on State-Tribal Relations Oklahoma Indian Legal Services, Inc; and Sac and Fox Nation Programming,
N/A: Insufficient data to compute arrest rates
* Rates used to compute ratio based on fewer than 10 observations
Author: Office of Juvenile Affairs
Tracks RRIs 2009–2012
Points of contact
Stages during the juvenile justice process tracked for relative rate indicators (RRIs).
All minorities (as a group)
Black / African American
American Indian / Alaska Native
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander
Other / Mixed
The Oklahoma Office of Juvenile Affairs publishes data on Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC). Oklahoma reports Relative Rate Indices (RRI) for 1 out of 9 recommended decision points and 4 populations. Rates are reported statewide. It is unclear if race and ethnicity are reported as separate variables.
Analysis of DMC in Oklahoma Updated with the Inclusion of Self-Report Student Surveys
Author: Office of Juvenile Affairs and the State Advisory Group on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
DMC assessment Geography: Local
The Office of Juvenile Affairs (OJA) and the State Advisory Group on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention completed an assessment for 2013 for several local jurisdictions. Data was assessed from 2010 for African American, Hispanic, Asian, and American Indian youth. Decision points assessed included arrest, referral, diversion, detention, petition, probation, and placement in OJA custody. Research methods included interviews, surveys, multivariate analysis, and descriptive statistics.
Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.