States vary in how each sets the basic playing field for juvenile justice with lower and upper age boundaries. State legislatures further create a range of complex exceptions for transfer to criminal court based on case-by-case, age and offense specifics.
State juvenile justice profiles highlight the topical content of the JJGPS across its six main menu content areas and dozens of underlying juvenile justice reform topics. Each profile begins with the most recent state trend data on juvenile arrests and custody issues from national data collections followed by a checklist of highlights for comparing and contrasting juvenile justice policy.
Author: Pennsylvania Juvenile Court Judges Commission
Tracks RRIs 2015–2015
Geography: Statewide and county
Points of contact
Stages during the juvenile justice process tracked for relative rate indicators (RRIs).
All minorities (as a group)
Black / African American
American Indian / Alaska Native
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander
Other / Mixed
The Pennsylvania Juvenile Court Judges Commission began publishing Relative Rate Indices (RRIs) for the detention and out-of-home placement decisions points in the appendices of its annual juvenile court dispositions statistical series. The reporting began for the 2013 data year report. The Juvenile Court Judges Commission reports RRIs for additional decision points to the federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Author: The DMC Subcommittee of the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency
DMC assessment Geography: Both state & local
The DMC Subcommittee of the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency completed an assessment in 2012 for the whole state and several local jurisdictions. Data was assessed from 2011 for African American, Hispanic, and all minority youth. Decision points assessed included arrest, referral, diversion, detention, petition, delinquent finding, probation, confinement, and transfer to adult court. Research methods included focus groups, descriptive statistics, and multivariate analysis.
Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.