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Tribal delinquency jurisdiction, 2016

  • State (mandatory)

  • State (other)

  • Federal

  • Not applicable

Washington is an optional P.L. 280 state, with many state and tribal retrocessions and land claim laws. Many tribes have reassumed exclusive jurisdiction over child welfare matters that could also apply. WA recognizes tribes that are not federally recognized. See: RCW 37.12, WA Tribal Consultation & Directory Information and WA Office of Indian Affairs.

Monitoring data

  • N/A: Insufficient data to compute arrest rates
  • * Rates used to compute ratio based on fewer than 10 observations
  • † White detained rate is 0

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Indicator data, 2017


Website: Juvenile Court Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC)
Author: Washington Courts
Tracks RRIs 2007–2011
Geography: Statewide and county

Points of contact

Stages during the juvenile justice process tracked for relative rate indicators (RRIs).

Probation Confinement Adjudication Transfer Diversion Petitioned Detention Referred to court Arrest

Race reported

  • White

  • All minorities (as a group)

  • Black / African American

  • Hispanic/Latino

  • Asian

  • American Indian / Alaska Native

  • Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander

  • Other / Mixed


The Washington Courts publish data on Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC). Washington reports Relative Rate Indices (RRI) for 6 out of 9 recommended decision points and 7 populations. Rates are reported by county and statewide. It is specified in the report that race and ethnicity are reported as separate variables.

DMC assessment

Report: Washington State Disproportionate Minority Contact Assessment
Author: Washington State Partnership Council on Juvenile Justice
Year: 2013

DMC assessment Geography: Both state & local

  • Interviews

  • Surveys

  • Focus groups

  • Multivariate analysis

  • Descriptive statistics

The Washington State Partnership Council on Juvenile Justice completed an assessment in 2013 for the whole state and several local jurisdictions. Data was assessed from 2007 to 2009 for African American, Hispanic, Asian, and American Indian or Alaska Native youth. Decision points assessed included referral, diversion, detention, petition, delinquent finding, and confinement. Research methods included interviews, descriptive statistics, and multivariate analysis.

DMC coordinators

DMC coordinator 2012 2015 2016
Full-time state-level DMC coordinator
Part-time or other state-level staff

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About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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