States vary in how each sets the basic playing field for juvenile justice with lower and upper age boundaries. State legislatures further create a range of complex exceptions for transfer to criminal court based on case-by-case, age and offense specifics.
State juvenile justice profiles highlight the topical content of the JJGPS across its six main menu content areas and dozens of underlying juvenile justice reform topics. Each profile begins with the most recent state trend data on juvenile arrests and custody issues from national data collections followed by a checklist of highlights for comparing and contrasting juvenile justice policy.
Author: Washington Courts
Tracks RRIs 2007–2011
Geography: Statewide and county
Points of contact
Stages during the juvenile justice process tracked for relative rate indicators (RRIs).
All minorities (as a group)
Black / African American
American Indian / Alaska Native
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander
Other / Mixed
The Washington Courts publish data on Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC). Washington reports Relative Rate Indices (RRI) for 6 out of 9 recommended decision points and 7 populations. Rates are reported by county and statewide. It is specified in the report that race and ethnicity are reported as separate variables.
Author: Washington State Partnership Council on Juvenile Justice
DMC assessment Geography: Both state & local
The Washington State Partnership Council on Juvenile Justice completed an assessment in 2013 for the whole state and several local jurisdictions. Data was assessed from 2007 to 2009 for African American, Hispanic, Asian, and American Indian or Alaska Native youth. Decision points assessed included referral, diversion, detention, petition, delinquent finding, and confinement. Research methods included interviews, descriptive statistics, and multivariate analysis.
Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.