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Labeling, 2015

Spectrum of labels

Victim Child welfare perspective
Offender Public safety perspective
  • In need of aid, assistance, or care

  • In need of services

  • In need of supervision

  • Unruly

  • Status offender

In the District of Columbia, status offense cases are classified as Children in Need of Supervision and include habitual disobedience of parents or guardians, truancy, and the commission of an offense only committable by children.

Age boundaries, 2016

  • Status offense jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

  • Delinquency jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

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In the District of Columbia, no lower age is specified for a “child in need of supervision.” The highest age a child’s conduct can be considered a status offense is 17. Non-delinquent behaviors include: habitual truancy, disobedient and ungovernable conduct, and commission of child-only offenses. Jurisdiction can be extended through age 20 for some traffic offenses committed before age 16. DC CODE § 16-2301

Reported data

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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