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Labeling, 2015

Spectrum of labels

Victim Child welfare perspective
Offender Public safety perspective
  • In need of aid, assistance, or care

  • In need of services

  • In need of supervision

  • Unruly

  • Status offender

In Illinois, status offense cases are classified as minors requiring authoritative intervention or truant minors in need of supervision and include being absent from home without parental consent, being beyond the control of parents or guardians, refusing to return to home, being a minor subject to compulsory school attendance and who is absent without valid cause from such attendance for 10 percent or more of the previous 180 regular attendance days.

Age boundaries, 2016

  • Status offense jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

  • Delinquency jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

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In Illinois, no lower age is specified for a “minor requiring authoritative intervention” or a “truant minor in need of supervision.” The highest age a child’s conduct can be considered a status offense is 17. Non-delinquent behaviors include: running away, truancy, conduct beyond control (with immediate danger), and refusing to go home or to another family-approved placement. A “chronic truant” is presumed a truant minor in need of supervision. Child-only/fine-only law violations are under concurrent jurisdiction with municipal/(adult) courts and are considered delinquent if filed in juvenile court. 705 ILCS § 405/3-3; § 405/3-33.5

Reported data

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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