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Labeling, 2015

Spectrum of labels

Victim Child welfare perspective
Offender Public safety perspective
  • In need of aid, assistance, or care

  • In need of services

  • In need of supervision

  • Unruly

  • Status offender

In Montana, status offense cases are classified as Youth in Need of Intervention, and include the commission of an offense which would not be a crime if committed by an adult, violation of any Montana law regarding alcohol, continuing to exhibit behaviors of truancy, running away from home, and being beyond the control of parents or guardians.

Age boundaries, 2016

  • Status offense jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

  • Delinquency jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

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In Montana, a lower age for “youth in need of intervention” is not specified. The highest age a child’s conduct can be considered a status offense is 17. Non-delinquent behaviors include: alcohol violations, running away, habitual truancy, or being beyond the control of caretaker/s. Youth court judges may also regard youth who commit delinquent acts ‘in need of intervention’ at their discretion. Youth court has concurrent jurisdiction over other child-only offenses (tobacco, gambling) except traffic or fish and game violations. MT Code § 41-5-103, 41-5-203

Reported data

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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