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Labeling, 2015

Spectrum of labels

Victim Child welfare perspective
Offender Public safety perspective
  • In need of aid, assistance, or care

  • In need of services

  • In need of supervision

  • Unruly

  • Status offender

In New York, status offense cases are classified as Persons in Need of Supervision and include truancy, incorrigibility, ungovernability, and being habitually disobedient and beyond the lawful control of a parent or other person legally responsible for such child's care, or other lawful authority.

Age boundaries, 2016

  • Status offense jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

  • Delinquency jurisdiction

    7 through 15 years old

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In New York, no lower age is specified for a “person in need of supervision.” The highest age a child’s conduct can be considered a status offense is 17. Non-delinquent behaviors include: truancy, being incorrigible, ungovernable, disobedient, or beyond control. The designation includes marijuana and prostitution violations, and mentions those appearing to be a sexually exploited child. NY FAM CT § 712

Reported data

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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