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Labeling, 2015

Spectrum of labels

Victim Child welfare perspective
Offender Public safety perspective
  • In need of aid, assistance, or care

  • In need of services

  • In need of supervision

  • Unruly

  • Status offender

In North Dakota, status offense cases are classified as unruly children and include truancy, habitual disobedience of commands of a parent or guardian, being ungovernable or willfully in a situation dangerous or injurious to the health, safety, or morals of the child or others, commission of an offense applicable only to a child, and the purchase or use of tobacco or alcohol.

Age boundaries, 2016

  • Status offense jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

  • Delinquency jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

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In North Dakota, no lower age is specified for an “unruly child.” The highest age a child’s conduct can be considered a status offense is 17. Non-delinquent behaviors include: truancy, disobedience, being dangerous or injurious, and commission of child-only offenses including alcohol (up to age 21), tobacco and electronic smoking devices (up to age 14.) Other child-only offenses are under municipal court jurisdiction. ND ST 27-20-02

Reported data

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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