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Labeling, 2015

Spectrum of labels

Victim Child welfare perspective
Offender Public safety perspective
  • In need of aid, assistance, or care

  • In need of services

  • In need of supervision

  • Unruly

  • Status offender

In West Virginia, status offense cases are classified as status offenses and include truancy, being a runaway, or habitually and continually refusing to respond to the lawful supervision of parents or guardians.

Age boundaries, 2016

  • Status offense jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

  • Delinquency jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

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In West Virginia, no lower age is specified for a “status offender.” The highest age a child’s conduct can be considered a status offense is 17. Non-delinquent behavior includes truancy. If adjudicated a status offender due to truancy, jurisdiction can extend to age 21. Municipal courts have concurrent jurisdiction with juvenile court over traffic, curfew, alcohol, and tobacco offenses. W. Va. Code, § 49-4-701, § 49-4-711

Reported data

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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